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South Pole Facts

Antarctica and South Pole Facts

Here are some interesting facts about the South Pole. If you or your class would like to find out more about Antarctica and the South Pole, please visit the links page for some great websites to visit.

  • Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, and driest place on earth.
  • Antarctica has no native population or permanent residents, but there are a number of researchers and explorers who stay for extended periods.
  • The South Pole has a desert climate, almost never receiving any precipitation. Air humidity is near zero. However, high winds can cause the blowing of snowfall, and the accumulation of snow amounts to about 20 cm per year.
  • It almost never gets above 0° C in Antarctica and the highest recorded temperature at the South Pole is 7° F -13.8° C.
  • The world’s lowest temperature of -128 degrees F was recorded at the Russia Vostok Station in Antarctica.
  • The continental ice sheet of Antarctica contains about 7 million miles3 of ice, 90% of the world’s total.
  • Only 2% of Antarctica’s land is not covered in ice
  • The weight of all this ice is so enormous that the continent buried beneath it would rise to an average altitude of 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) if the ice sheet were removed
  • Due to its ice cap, Antarctica is the highest continent average approximately 2,300 m above sea level.
  • During the South Pole Winter (late March to late September) it is dark all the time
  • In the summer, it is light 24 hours a day, although the sun is very low in the sky
Antarctica Slideshow

For some really cool photos of Antarctica, download this Antarctica Slide Show (Powerpoint Presentation)

For more great movies and info about the South Pole and the Environment, including videos from a bunch of schoolkids that went to Antarctica this past year, please visit our expedition leader, Doug Stoup’s website Ice Axe Kids